(Infantile Hemangioma; Superficial Hemangioma; Deep [or Cavernous] Hemangioma; Strawberry Hemangioma; Strawberry Mark)
- Being female
- Premature birth
- A hemangioma that is close to the surface of the skin will:
- Appear as red "strawberry" or purple bump on the skin
- may continue to grow and spread
- A hemangioma that is deeper under the skin will appear as bluish swelling under the skin.
- Ulceration—deep sores in the skin
- Problems with growth and function of structures nearby such as eyes or airway
- Abnormalities of the blood vessels of the eye or brain, as well as heart problems (associated with some hemangiomas of the face)
- Medication such as steroids, propranolol, or vincristine
- Surgery—particularly for hemangiomas that are causing pain or problems with sight or breathing
- Lasers—most effective on superficial hemangiomas
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
Vascular Birthmarks Foundation http://www.birthmark.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html
Sturge-Weber Syndrome Community Canada (SWSCC) http://swscommunitycanada.org
Bruckner AL, Frieden IJ. Hemangiomas of infancy. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003;48:477-493.
Burton BK, Schulz CJ, et al. An increased incidence of haemangiomas in infants born following chorionic villus sampling (CVS). Prenat Diagn. 1995;15:209-214.
Haggstrom AN, Frieden, IJ. Hemangiomas: Past, present, and future. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51: S50-52.
Hemangioma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated December 23, 2011. Accessed November 12, 2012.
10/25/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php: Haggstrom AN, Garzon MC, Baselga E, et al. Risk for PHACE syndrome in infants with large facial hemangiomas. Pediatrics. 2010;126(2):e418-426.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2012 -
- Update Date: 11/12/2012 -